The Miracle of reporting events related to past History accurately by the Qur’an Shareef

Aijazul Qur'an
Chapter No.: 

Rasulullah (SAW) was born in Makkah, lost his both parents at an early age, was brought up as an orphan first by his grandfather, Abdul-Mutalib and later by his uncle Abu Talib. He did not attend any school, hence he knew not how to read and write. He spent all his early 40 years before Prophethood in Makkah and travelled just twice to Syria for a short span of time, so there was no chance of his knowing such branches of knowledge with such excellence as are mentioned by the Qur’an Shareef. In order to prove the truth by the Prophethood of Muhammad (SAW) the Qur’an Shareef time and again revealed the famous incidents of the past nations with extreme accuracy and precision, so we have no alternative but to believe that the revelations are Divine in nature and that it was therewise impossible for a person like Muhammad (SAW) to come with such accurate historical facts as he had not studied anywhere.

About the past, the Qur’an Shareef mentions a variety of things like the creation of the skies and the earth, creation of Adam (AS), of the role of Iblees and the descent of Adam (AS) to earth, then stories of previ-ous Prophets and other important events of the past.

The Qur’an Shareef while mentioning some of the past events of history, tells Muhammad (SAW):

This is part of the tidings of the things unseen which We reveal unto thee (O Apostle!) by inspiration; thou wast not with them when they cast lots with arrows as to which of them should be charged with the care of Mary; nor wast thou with them when they disputed (the point).

The Qur’an Shareef again addresses as Muhammad (SAW) after mentioning the incident of Hadhrat Naoh (AS):

Such are some of the stories of the Unseen which We have revealed unto thee: before this neither thou nor thy People knew them. So persevere patiently: for the End is for those who are righteous.

The Qur’an Shareef again addresses as Muhammad (SAW) before mentioning the inci-dent of HadhratYosuf (AS):

We do relate unto thee the most beautiful of stories in that We reveal to thee this (portion of the) Qur'an: before this thou too wast among those who knew it not

After mentioning the incident of Hadhrat Musa (AS), the Qur’an Shareef addresses as Muham-mad (SAW) as follows:

Thou wast not on the Western Side when We decreed the commission to Moses nor wast thou a witness (of those events). But We raised up (new) generations and long were the ages that passed over them; but thou wast not a dweller among the people of Madyan rehearsing Our Signs to them; but it is We Who send apostles (with inspiration). Nor wast thou at the side of (the Mountain of) Tur when We called (to Moses) Yet (art thou sent) as a Mercy from thy Lord to give warning to a people to whom no warner had come before thee: in order that they may receive admonition.

Had it been the word of Muhammad (SAW) himself, then the Qur’an Shareef would have not included such verses. These revelations of past events puzzled the unbelievers. In order to further test Muhammad (SAW) the Pagans of Makkah on behest of the Jews asked about rare incidents of the past like about the people of the cave (Ashab-Kahaf), Zul-Qarnain and about the soul (Rooh). Their surprise knew no limits when Muham-mad (SAW) answered their questions exactly after receiving Divine revela-tion, which proved beyond doubt his truthfulness.

In order to further consolidate the truthfulness of the Divine nature of the Qur’an Shareef, it addressed Muhammad (SAW) once again as follows:

And thou wast not (able) to recite a Book before this (Book came) nor art thou (able) to transcribe it with thy right hand: in that case indeed would the talkers of vanities have doubted

In reply to the allegations of the non-believers, the Qur’an Shareef further proves its point

But the Misbelievers say: "Naught is this but a lie which he has forged and others have helped him at it." In truth it is they who have put forward an iniquity and a falsehood.

And they say: "Tales of the ancients which he has caused to be written: and they are dictated before him morning and evening."
Say: "The (Qur'an) was sent down by Him Who knows the Mystery (that is) in the heavens and the earth: verily He is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful."

We know indeed that they say "It is a man that teaches him." The tongue of him they wickedly point to is notable foreign while this is Arabic pure and clear.

Verily this is a Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds: With it came down the Spirit of Faith and Truth .To thy heart and mind that thou mayest admonish. (26:192-194)